Diabetes Mellitus or commonly shortened as diabetes, has been recognized as one of the leading causes of death in every parts of the world, especially now that we are all fond of eating foods and drinks that have higher contents of sugar over a long period of time. Some people who acquire such disease may inherit it due to their genes or blood lines. It is defined as a metabolic disease in which the patient’s blood glucose or their blood sugar level are too high than the average. So basically, the glucose or the sugar specifically comes from the food and the drinks that they intake. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of patients that acquire such disease are increase hunger or polyphagia, increase thirst or polydipsia, weight loss, frequent urination or polyuria, blurry vision, fatigue, slow healing of cuts, itchy skin and headache.
Diabetes should be treated immediately in order to avoid developing any other common complications brought by diabetes, and some of the examples for those complications includes nonketotic hyperosmolar coma, heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, foot ulcers, damage to the eyes, diabetic ketoacidosis and even death. There are three types of diabetes namely the type 1 diabetes which is also known as IDDM or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes which results in the failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin, the second type is the type 2 diabetes mellitus which is also known as NIDDM or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and the last one is the gestational diabetes which specifically developed to pregnant women.
Diabetes mellitus has no known cure which is why the people who acquire such disease should do the proper way in managing their blood sugar level and that can be done by having a healthy diet, do exercise regularly, take and use appropriate medications, lose your weight and engage yourself more in healthy lifestyles. Diabetic patients are recommended to eat foods such as fiber-rich foods like whole-wheat flour and wheat bran; healthy carbohydrates like vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains and low-fat dairy products; and heart-healthy fish like mackerel, tuna, salmon, bluefish and sardines.
Diabetic patients here should avoid foods that have higher sugar contents, such as chocolates, sodas, candies, salty foods, high in cholesterols, trans fats like stick margarines, baked goods and shortenings, and saturated fats such as beef, bacon, hot dogs and sausage.
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